by James Wallace Harris, Tuesday, December 5, 2017
I grew up back in the 1950s watching old westerns on TV. Even though I took up reading science fiction in the 1960s and have always identified myself as science fiction fan, my favorite movie genre is westerns. I’m rather finicky about my westerns too. Although the 1950s and 1960s were the heydays of television cowboy shows, I prefer the cinema westerns from Stagecoach (1939) to Ride the High Country (1962) era. Starting with films like A Fistful of Dollars (1964) and The Wild Bunch (1969) movie makers began to alter the genre. I liked these films, but they weren’t the same as the westerns I loved most and how I define the genre.
Too often today when they do make westerns, the level of violence is off the scale. We still get a quality western every few years. Open Range (2003), Appaloosa (2008), and True Grit (2010) are wonderful examples, even though their style has migrated away from how I define the classic western. But I find westerns like Quentin Tarantino’s two recent films grotesque insults to the genre. All too often, I just can’t watch the films called westerns today.
Thus, I was both excited and a little worried when I first heard about Godless. I must say I enjoyed the series and raced through all seven episodes in days. However, I’m not sure what to make of it artistically, morally, and philosophically.
No work or critic can define a genre, but there are movies called westerns that completely distort what I consider to be the heart of the genre. Even during the 1950s, there were so-called westerns where characters rode horses and carried guns but their story’s soul belong to some other historical psyche.
As a kid, I grew up believing watching westerns taught me about American history. That made my black and white television screen a window to the past. It wasn’t until I got older that I realized that every decade has a different view of the American West. How do you reconcile They Died With Their Boots On (1941) with Little Big Man (1970)? Godless (2017) gives us another view of 1888, but should we consider it insight into 1888 history, or just a thrill ride fantasy like West World (2016)?
Godless is full of horrendous violence with a hard-to-believe ending. I feel any good western should be true to the 19th-century even if it doesn’t chronicle historical events. I judge westerns by these criteria:
- Do characters talk and act like their 1800s period counterpoints?
- Do the costumes and sets look like the era they depict?
- Could the plot have happened in the true west era?
- Are the guns right for the period?
- Is the level of violence appropriate for the times?
- Is the story connected with history?
- If the characters are based on real people how well are they portrayed?
- Are there anachronisms in the sets, costumes, dialog, mannerisms, or plots?
Frank Griffin (Jeff Daniels) is an extreme character in Godless, especially since he thunders around the country with over thirty killers on horseback. But was Griffin more violent or crazy than William Quantrill or John Brown? Was the bizarre massacre of Creede, Colorado unrealistic when you think about Lawrence, Kansas of 1863? Also, Frank’s strange adoption by Mormons is based on the real Mountain Meadows massacre. (Although Frank looks too old to have fit the real timeline of history.)
My measuring rod for western violence is the gunfight at the O.K. Corral which took place in 1881. It was probably the most famous gunfight in the old west with nine combatants and three deaths. The most famous killing of the gangster era of the 1920s and 1930s involved seven deaths, and it was an execution and not a shootout. So when movies have their characters racking up huge body counts it moves away from being historical towards gun porn to thrill our prurient bloodlust.
Godless feels both realistic and unrealistic. I found it hard to believe Frank and his band of murderers traveled without pack horses and supplies. They looked kind of silly galloping across the land like a large anti-posse with one-armed Frank in the lead. It reminded me of Forty Guns when Barbara Stanwyck would lead 40 gunfighters on 40 horses faithfully riding behind her wherever she went. In both movies, the mass of riders looked silly, even overly melodramatic. Modern movies are always trying to out-do past movies. I’m surprised Frank did have 80 outriders. Maybe the makers of Godless hadn’t seen Forty Guns. The show would have been more realistic with just a dozen in Frank’s army. It certainly could have made the ending more realistic.
Overall I admired and enjoyed Godless. But the show kept bugging me with small distracting issues. Michelle Dockery had too many outfits for a poor woman living on an 1888 ranch, some of them much too fashionable. And she changed them too often. And even though I liked the idea of a town full of women fighting an army of outlaws, it seemed cartoonish. Their last stand reminded me of The Magnificent Seven, which is a western I love, but one that’s somewhat over-the-top. Godless goes way overboard. There were other small details that bothered me too, but mentioning them might give spoilers.
I wasn’t sure about the costumes. They seemed realistic at times, especially for the men. Westerns are always changing how the old west looked. Just compare True Grit (1969) to True Grit (2010). One reason I didn’t like 1960s TV westerns was everyone’s costumes seem too clean and store bought. I’ve always wondered if the wild west fashions of cowboy films of the 1920s and 1930s were more realistic because they were closer in time to the actual historical west. I keep looking for period photos for clues, but they are hard to come by.
[Here is Mattie Lucas 1888 from Custer County, Nebraska.]
Finally, there’s the philosophical interpretation. Westerns are inherently about violence. Guns and gunfights are the solutions to western plot conflicts. I assume Frank and his gang represent evil and the citizens of La Belle represent goodness. But I’m curious how our politically divided country will see things. To liberals, Frank and his gang may remind them of gun nuts and mass shooters. Frank could be a stand-in for Wayne LaPierre and the NRA. To conservatives, Frank is a crazy Islamic fundamentalist with a gang of terrorists. They see La Belle as proof that people need to arm themselves. The film shows women with no gun training effectively using firearms to save themselves.
The love triangle between Roy Goode (Jack O’Connell), Alice Fletcher (Michelle Dockery), and Bill McNue (Scoot McNairy) was unsatisfying to me. But the one between Mary Agnes McNue (Merritt Wever) and Callie Dunne (Tess Frazer) felt logical. So did the one between Whitey Winn (Thomas Brodie-Sangster) and Louise Hobbs (Jessica Sula).
Law and the government are shown to be ineffective at protecting citizens in this story, as is in most westerns. Plus, the press is corrupt. A. T. Grigg (Jeremy Bobb) is the editor and reporter for the Santa Fe Daily Review and a publisher of fake news. Grigg reminds me of W. W. Beauchamp, the writer in Unforgiven (1992). I believe this is realistic though because newspapers back then printed pretty much what they felt like, and dime novelists invented the Wild West with tall tales.
Sean T. Collins over at AV Club has an episode-by-episode review of Godless, where he did a fair amount of nitpicking. I could see the faults he saw, but for the most part, they didn’t bother me. Collins gave most of the episodes a B or B-. I think I’d give the show a B+ overall. Godless isn’t Lonesome Dove, but it’s not far behind it as a western mini-series. I’d guess most fans would consider Lonesome Dove (1989) the gold standard of television westerns. I’d agree and also give Deadwood (2004-2006) an A+ too.
Here’s a list of some of my favorite westerns.
- ‘Godless’ Creator Says He Wanted To Embrace Every Single Western Cliché – NPR Fresh Air
- Godless: Miniseries (2017) – Rotten Tomatoes
- What Godless Says About America – The Atlantic
- Godless Is So Good, You’ll Like It Even If You Don’t Like Westerns – Vulture
- Netflix’s Godless: a dusty Western that could’ve been so much more – Vox
13 thoughts on “‘Godless’ and the Western Movie Genre”
I saw the pilot and found it interesting. Deadwood was an incredible show. It was HBO but ended after 3 seasons. If your enjoy godless, I would check out Deadwood
Would love your feedback on my new short called The Writers Block. Hope to see you there
How did you feel about Deadwood?
I’m a big fan, and I updated my essay after you brought it back to my memory. Thanks.
I think you bring up some great points!!! I like the questions. Especially the one about the excessive violence being realistic for the time period. Producers think loud noises and fake blood are going to draw people to the theater. What I really want is a good film 🙂
Did anyone else notice that the woman in that 1888 photo seems to be riding sidesaddle? Or is that some other kind of weird saddle arrangement? Not exactly what one expects from a cowgirl (and we know that schoolmarms always rode in wagons, right?). I’m not sure that any TV or movie westerns have been realistic – they always seem to be reflections of the era in which they were made, much like SF tropes.
Just the other day I was reminiscing about all the 50’s and 60’s TV westerns I watched as a kid. I guess it says something about me that my preferred shows usually featured loners (perhaps accompanied by a sidekick) as opposed to the ensemble pieces like Gunsmoke, Wagon Train, or Rawhide”. Most of these characters had some sort of distinctive gimmick, usually involving a signature weapon and/or costume:
The Adventures of Jim Bowie – Bowie Knife
Bat Masterson – cane & derby hat
Branded – knife made from broken cavalry sword
Davy Crockett: King of the Wild Frontier – coonskin cap & long rifle
The Life and Legend of Wyatt Earp – “Buntline Special” long-barreled revolver
The Lone Ranger – mask & silver bullets
The Rebel – sawed off “scattergun” shotgun
The Restless Gun – “carbine” pistol, with barrel extension and shoulder stock
The Rifleman – quick-fire rifle w custom cocking loop
Paladin – custom revolver w chess piece holster badge
Wanted: Dead or Alive – cut down rifle in trick holster
Yancy Derringer – throwing knife in neck scabbard
I owned a whole arsenal of cap guns derived from these TV shows. These prized toys were often made of cast metal and some came with quality leather holsters – realism was the order of the day. In spite of this, I’ve never had any interest in owning or shooting actual guns. Apparently playtime is not always destiny.
Here’s a website to browse for a glimpse of this vanished kid’s world. Even if you lived through it as I did you’ll probably be amazed at the variety and quality of these toys.
Oh, and just take a look at this item from the Mattel Fanner lineup then try to imagine that commercial airing today –
If I had seen that ad I would have been begging my parents like crazy!
That brought back lots of memories. I never saved my toys. I remember getting a whole cowboy outfit and guns for Christmas in 1958. I don’t have a photo of me with my guns. Here’s one of with me and my sister dressed up in our outfits playing with friends.
Do you have photos of your cap gun collection PJ?
Nope, although I’ve found pictures of many of my old toys on the ‘net. But I do have old photos of me in a cowboy getup similar to yours. If there was a folk costume for the Boomer Nation I think it would look more like Toy Story than Woodstock.
Here’s Newt Gingrich in more innocent times –
And Bill Clinton –
I wonder what your take is on Hell orHigh Water (starring Chris Pine) as a modern Western? (if you’ve seen it) It has the misfit heroes trying to do good, bank robberies and daring getaways, (in cars rather than on horses) a goodhearted barmaid, (a diner waitress) a shootout finale, and even a ‘bad’ sheriff.
I saw this flick recently and think it’s very much in the Classic Western tradition that James is talking about. Contrary to popular opinion those old movies were not all white hat/black hat. The stories and characters were commonly more ambiguous and often involved themes of social upheaval.
I haven’t seen Hell or High Water, but I’ll track it down and watch it.