By James Wallace Harris, Sunday, October 2, 2016
My calculations all began when I wrote about the science fiction of 1966. Starting with ISFDB.org, and hyperlinking over to the World’s Best Science Fiction: 1967, (the 1967 volume covers stories from 1966), I researched each story on the internet. Reading about those stories made me want to read (or reread) the actual stories. So I checked ABEBooks.com for a copy World’s Best Science Fiction 1967. The cheapest edition was a paperback for $6.50, or $10 for a hardback without dust jacket (prices include shipping). Too much for me, considering their condition.
Here is the table of contents for World’s Best Science Fiction: 1967:
- “We Can Remember It for You Wholesale” by Philip K. Dick
- “Light of Other Days” by Bob Shaw
- “The Keys to December” by Roger Zelazny
- “Nine Hundred Grandmothers” by R. A. Lafferty
- “Bircher” by A. A. Walde
- “Behold the Man” by Michael Moorcock
- “Bumberboom” by Avram Davidson
- “Day Million” by Frederik Pohl
- “The Wings of a Bat” by Pauline Ashwell
- “The Man from When” by Dannie Plachta
- “Amen and Out” by Brian W. Aldiss
- “For a Breath I Tarry” by Roger Zelazny
I remember owning this paperback back in the sixties as a teen, and I probably read it then. Only four of the stories have stuck in my memory though. Writing about 1966 made me want to seek a deeper understanding of that year. Yesterday, I read “The Keys of December” by Roger Zelazny. I was both impressed and moved. It’s a story about the ethics of geo-engineering a planet with emerging life. I don’t remember thinking about such topics when I was young, but I do now. I guess I wasn’t ready. I also loved how Zelazny told his story. It resonated with the genes that make me love science fiction.
Reading “The Keys of December” made me want to read more from World’s Best Science Fiction 1967. What’s driving my current interest in science fiction is akin to being a science fiction archaeologist. Every story is a clue to how we thought in 1966. Instead of reading science fiction to imagine the future, I’m reading science fiction to understand my past, and why we all grew up wanting and fearing the futures we do. Finding each story is like digging up another artifact. On some days I think having copies of all the science fiction magazines is the way to do my research. That’s possible with digitized pulps on the net. On other days, I think just collecting the annual best-of-the-year anthologies is all I need. Then I wonder if buying a couple dozen retrospective anthologies would provide all the historical evidence I should read.
Then it occurred to me to ask how many of these stories I already own. I found “The Keys of December,” “We Can Remember It for You Wholesale,” “Day Million,” and “Nine Hundred Grandmothers.” Four out of twelve is not bad.
That made me wonder about the mathematics of collecting short stories. How many anthologies would I need to buy to get all the stories I wanted to read from World’s Best Science Fiction: 1967? Would collecting retrospective anthologies be a better purchase than collecting annual anthologies – if my goal is to acquire all the very best science fiction short stories ever written? I’ve generally read novels. Now I’m thinking about the classics of short science fiction.
How many major annual anthologies have there been? If you start counting with The Great Science Fiction Stories Volume 1 (1939), edited by Isaac Asimov and Martin H. Greenberg, and assumed just one anthology a year, the minimum collection would be 77 volumes. (There are many years with several annual anthologies, especially 2016.) Let’s guestimate the average annual anthology has 15 stories, that would mean 1,155 stories. If I could find large retrospective anthologies with more than 25 stories per volume, I could cut down 77 to 46. The Big Book of Science Fiction edited by Jeff and And VanderMeer had over a hundred stories, two of which were from World’s Best Science Fiction: 1967. (“Nine Hundred Grandmothers” and “Day Million.”) I need just a dozen books that size.
So I went shopping on ABEbooks.com. I got “Light of Other Days,” and additional copies of “The Keys to December” and “Day Million” by ordering The Arbor House Treasury of Modern Science Fiction edited by Robert Silverberg and Martin H. Greenberg ($4.20). The best way to get “Behold the Man” was by buying The Science Fiction Hall of Fame Volume III, edited by Arthur C. Clarke and George W. Proctor ($8.99). That got me three stories I mentioned in my essay from 1966 that wasn’t in the Wollheim/Carr annual. The cheapest way I found “For a Breath I Tarry” was by buying Science Fiction: A Historical Anthology, edited by Eric S. Rabkin ($3.48).
For $16.67 I got all the stories I wanted, plus several other great 1966 stories, and a huge number of SF stories from over the last two hundred years. Compared to spending $10 for the World’s Best Science Fiction: 1967 in hardback, $16.67 was a great bargain. I decided I didn’t need “Bircher,” “Bumberboom,” “The Wings of a Bat,” “Amen and Out,” and “The Man from When.” They aren’t often reprinted, and I’ve never heard of any of them since. Which suggests that not all stories in the annual collections are worth remembering. How many great shorter works are produced each year in science fiction? If we say 10, then that’s 900 stories since 1926. That’s not an impossibly large number to consume. Reading three a day, would let me finish in a year. Such a pursuit would be a fascinating education in science fiction evolution and history.
I’ve always believed the heart of science fiction is the short stories that appear in the science fiction magazines. That’s ninety years of stories. Theoretically, it would be possible to collect (especially with pulp scans on the internet) all those issues of Amazing Stories, Wonder Stories, Astounding Stories, Planet Stories, Unknown, F&SF, Galaxy, If, Analog, Fantastic, Asimov’s Science Fiction, and even read a good fraction. But that would also be more reading than I have time left in my life.
Then I wondered, would it be possible to collect all the annual anthologies and read them. Would reading the yearly best of the best be worth my time? The 77 volumes since 1939 is not a huge number of books. I wouldn’t want to read a steady diet of old science fiction, but I could finish that pile of 77 books in a decade.
Then I wondered about the mathematics of retrospective anthologies. I already own The Big Book of Science Fiction edited by Jeff and Ann VanderMeer. It has over one hundred stories. I could read it in a year. What if I read one large anthology a year that collects the best science fiction short stories ever written, how many years would it take before I felt I had read the greatest short works of the genre?
I’ve already read countless SF stories in my life, yet I don’t remember most of them. That’s because I consumed science fiction, like eating M&Ms. What if I studied science fiction like I used to study American and English literature in college? Could I create a taxonomy of science fictional themes? I’ve been reading science fiction long enough to see it evolve. For most readers, science fiction is merely entertainment. Exciting stories well told. But I’m starting to see that the science fiction writer has a unique job in society.
Their task is to speculate about possibilities that science has yet to thoroughly explore. Most of the time science squashes these speculations, but not always. Over the centuries many writers speculated about building flying machines. We don’t think airplanes are science fiction anymore because aircraft are mundane now. At one time, speculation about flying machines was science fiction. I wonder how many science fiction stories written fifty years ago have either been shot down by science, engineered into reality, or still a realistic speculation? I also wonder how many science fictional ideas we still want to come true? We’ve been wanting colonies on Mars for a very long time now. Ditto for intelligent robots. Will that change once we’ve been to Mars or lived with AI? What will science fiction writers write about once we’ve settled the galaxy?
That’s why I wonder about numbers. How many science fiction stories have been written? How many unique themes have been developed. How many variations on each theme have emerged? How long does an idea take to die once science has covered it’s territory?
Think about the story “A Rose for Ecclesiastes” by Roger Zelazny, first published in F&SF (Nov. 1963). It was one of the last great stories about life on Mars. On July 15, 1965, Mariner IV flew by Mars, and 21 grainy pictures of the red planet forever killed any hope of finding Barsoom. I remembered when that happened. I was so disappointed. Mars looked like the Moon. Yet, we still want to read stories about Mars like we imagined it before Mariner IV. People haven’t stopped reading The Martian Chronicles. Writers and publishers still put out books like Old Mars, edited by George R. R. Martin and Gardner Dozois. Science fiction isn’t only about speculation, it’s also about the dreams we want to dream. When does science fiction become fantasy?
I wonder if I studied 19th century science fiction thoroughly, and understood the hopes and fears of 19th century people had for the 20th century, would I better understand our hopes and fears for the 22nd century?
How many people will go to Mars if Elon Musk builds the rockets to take them to the red planet? Where did Elon Musk get his desire to go to Mars. Will there actually be a hundred people willing to go, even if they think they might die, or never return to Earth? It’s one thing to read science fiction, its another thing to actually live it. Is reading hundreds of old science fiction stories a way to understand why?
12 thoughts on “The Calculus of Collecting Science Fiction Short Stories”
Ah, JW – you set a mighty task before us. Many thoughts, ideas, and some work accomplished (or thought through) for us. And all that for just one year of SF’s best short stories. Or are you just being a tease?
I assume most of us were/are like you; we read much, remembered some and can never forget others. And yet you were kind enough to go through the entire process in print for us to enjoy. And envy. And regret. And that is just for 1966.
I really don’t know how you did that. I can respect it though, and perhaps curse you later for the time it will take to either decide to follow, or try to forget the monumental task you laid out. The worst part is that in order to not repeat/redo that same effort of yours, I will have to spend weeks going through my own “library”. Also known as the two rooms and one garage full of books and magazines (sorry, no comics to be redeemed for fantastic amounts of cash – my Mom pitched those back in the late 70’s).
Or perhaps I’ll just take a nap and check back later to see what the others say.
Jim, I wonder how many people are like us out there. Who grew up reading science fiction, and now are looking back over a lifetime of reading, and wondering what it all meant. I think most readers just assumed it was fun escapism. But for some science fiction fans, I think it meant more. We also saw the future as something to be shaped and designed. Now I wonder if there’s a psychological underpinning to all that.
I have a copy of WORLD’S BEST SF: 1967 so I’m set. Going down your path of collecting the stories sounds like fun (but I suspect I already own most of the books you bought for $16.67). Are you going to buy THE FIFTY-YEAR MISSION: The Complete, Uncensored, Unauthorized Oral History of Star Trek: The First 25 Years and The Next 25 Years? I read the first book and loved it!
George, I already bought the first volume of The Fifty-Year Mission in audio and have been listening to it. I got on a reading jag for the 50th anniversary of Star Trek. It’s what inspired me to read the 1966 SF stories.
The STAR TREK franchise grows in January 2017 with the new STAR TREK:DISCOVERY.
OK, you got me. I’m going to see how many I already have and the cheapest and what I would need to do to get the rest.
All your exploring reminds me of stories I have loved and would like to read again. Thanks for doing the remembering legwork.
“Bumberboom” is a terrific story and well worth your reading. It’s almost certainly in The Avram Davidson Treasury. If you can find a cheap copy of that, it’s, well, a treasure. If not, Interlibrary Loan is your friend.
With such an endorsement, I’ll have to track down a copy now. I wonder about the others I’m passing over.
I’m not sure I’d use the Best of the Year anthologies to catch the best short fiction for any particular year, especially for the ones where there is only a Merril or Wollheim/Carr anthology. I could go on at great length but will spare you the blow by blow (although check the contents against the Hugo and Nebula finalists for a start).
I think you would probably have to construct a composite list comprising of award nominees, possibly the contents of the ‘Best of’ anthos, and possibly stories with multiple reprintings, and various other sources.
If I keep reading I think I’ll make up my own list of favorites, but that’s going take me years and years. I’m currently rereading Zenna Henderson, her People stories.