The Resurrection of Kay Francis

By James Wallace Harris, Saturday, March 28, 2015

This essay is written for a blogathon hosted by and Shadows and Satin.

Who is Kay Francis? She is a long dead movie star who was once famous in the first half of the 1930s. Few remember her today. So, why am I writing about her now? For some reason I love seeing her movies when they come on Turner Classic Movies, even though they’re generally lousy films. Why? Well, I think Kay Francis is the most fascinating and beautiful of all the actresses of the 1930s. Other fans of 1930s films are taking note of her again too. Kay Francis said she wanted to be forgotten, and the men who made her movies never imagined them as lasting works of art, so why are we remembering Kay Francis now? There is two kinds of fame, one is contemporary, and the other is historical. Kay Francis once had fame for a few years, and then was forgotten. Why are we resurrecting Kay Francis now?

Kay Francis 1941 The Man Who Lost Himself

Kay Francis is the perfect subject for a study in fame. Back in the 1930s Kay Francis was one of the highest paid actresses in Hollywood, with legions of fans, and her image adorning more magazines covers than anyone but Shirley Temple. Yet, today she is virtual unknown. Why are Bette Davis and Katherine Hepburn from that era remembered as superstars, but not Kay Francis? Many people believe great movie stars make films great, but it’s my theory that’s its great films that make great movie stars. Kay Francis isn’t remembered today because most of her films were forgettable, and that has destroyed her memory in popular culture. Strangely enough, as Warner Brothers attempted to force Kay Francis to break her high salary contract by putting her into forgettable films, Kay Francis refused to give in, took the parts Warner’s pushed on her, collected her huge paychecks and is quoted as saying, “I can’t wait to be forgotten.”

She almost got her wish, if it wasn’t for Turner Classic Movies (TCM) and the growing interest in Pre-Code Hollywood. I don’t think Kay Francis cared for fame, and I doubt any of the filmmakers then thought movies would become a lasting art form. This is before television and DVDs, and maybe even film festivals. It’s only us fans who love the past that want to make sure the objects of our affection aren’t lost forever. What will it take to resurrect Kay Francis?


Who was Kay Francis? Unless you’re a hardcore TCM addict, it’s doubtful you’ve heard her name. Visit Wikipedia for an excellent concise summary of her life. Kay Francis was known for her striking beauty, and the ability to play daring women. Francis was born in 1905, and started her acting career on Broadway in the Roaring Twenties, just before sound movies came out. Kay was at the right place at the right time, because Hollywood began a massive import of Broadway actors to work in the talkies. Kay Francis made nineteen films at Paramount before going over to Warner Brothers to be the new queen of their production lot. Warner Brothers then proceeded to use her star appeal to sell second rate projects, riding Kay Francis’ fame with fans for all its worth. Eventually the public got tired of seeing mediocre films that didn’t match her talent. Warner didn’t renew her contract, and Francis became a free agent. She continued to make movies, some even decent, but none that would keep her name alive in our new century. Her career peaked in 1932 with three movies, that are only remembered today by connoisseurs of Pre-Code Hollywood. She died in 1968, at age 63, which is how old I am now.

Pre-Code Kay Francis

The appeal to Pre-Code films is hard to explain. Simply, they are sound films made before July 1, 1934 when a national censorship code began to be rigorously enforced. Only in recent decades has Pre-Code become a distinctive sub-genre of 1930s films. When the public remembers films from the 1930s today, then tend to remember those made in 1939 – Gone With the Wind and The Wizard of Oz. The early sound era, before the production code took affect, was a primitive time for “the talkies.” As actors and technicians worked out their techniques for the new art form, pictures improved dramatically as the thirties progressed, and by 1939 they were stunning. The few pop culture favorites today from the early 1930s tend to be films that appeal to young people, like Tarzan of the Apes, King Kong, Frankenstein, Dracula, The Mummy, The Thin Man, Little Caesar, Public Enemy, etc. Only hard-core old movie fans remember the dramas, melodramas, literary and historical films of the 1930s.

Pre-Code films are now remembered for pushing the limits of the state censors. Pre-Code films explored the reality of sex and violence in  contemporary culture that both shocked and titillated Great Depression audiences. Some films made serious social statements and others exploited sensational subjects. It’s hard to say why some Pre-Code film buffs love those films when 21st century flicks are far more daring in their explorations. What’s the appeal of skimpy dressed actresses in crudely made old black and white movies, when modern actresses show far more flesh in brilliant high definition?

I can explain why I love those films. I imprinted on 1930s black and white films by watching television in the 1960s. Everyone acquires their pop culture tastes in early adolescence when books, television, movies and music brand on their formative minds. In the early sixties, I imprinted on 1960s rock and roll music, 1960s television, 1950s science fiction and 1930s movies. I love being up late at night in a darkened room lit only by the flickering light of old black and white movies.

When I talk to young people today, most of them claim they can’t stand black and white movies, and hate movies from the 1930s because the acting seems funny to them. They see a film like Grand Hotel as silly, not stylish like I do. To me old films are an alternate reality, one that glitters in infinite shades of gray, exuding style and glamour. Yet, this can’t explain why Pre-Code films deserve their attention. It’s definitely an acquired taste, like learning to watch silent films. I long ago gave up expecting any of my friends to share my enjoyment of 1930s movies. I do spot fellow fans on the net writing about TCM or in the comment sections for the DVDs on sale at I suppose we’re like fans of other older dying art forms, like pulp magazines or 78 jazz records.

Kay Francis’ real life was more Pre-Code than her Pre-Code films. She was a predatory divorcee years before Norma Shearer made them famous. She was involved in three way love affairs long before making Trouble in Paradise. Kay Francis had a huge sexual appetite, consuming men and women in far greater numbers than all her film lovers combined. All her reel-life roles as cutting edge women were merely cleaned up versions of her real-life experiences. Pre-Code Hollywood films explored the lives of women with bad reputations, not as sinners, but as daring explorers on the social frontiers. Kay Francis grew up living those lives, first traveling with her mother a stage actress, and then later on her own, in New York and Europe. By the time she went to Hollywood in 1929, she had lived most of the roles she played in the 1930s.

Kay Frances was recreating her own experiences onscreen, in glamorous costumes she changed dozens of times a picture. In her most famous films, she was a sexy goddess of sophistication, looking great even when she was down and out, or even dying. For a few years in the 1930s, Kay Francis was so alluring that moviegoers fell in love with her, but in the second half of the decade her fans moved on.

To understand why people in the 1930s fell for Kay you have to watch her films. But which ones?  What I’ve done is identify her five best films through the film ratings at IMDb. Then I list her next twelve highest rated films, but these are harder to find, and probably will offer little appeal to most modern movie watchers. I’m hoping the top five films transcend their times and appeal to audiences of any time. If Kay is to be remembered, it will have to be through films that are remembered. I’m encouraged that Trouble in Paradise has enchanted some of my younger friends. That gives me hope. I am always delighted to see Jewel Robbery over and over again, and wonder if it will appeal to 21st century television watchers. I know One Way Passage is a quaint melodrama, but I still love it. I’m not sure modern audiences can handle it’s over-the-top sentimentality.

Kay Francis would still be famous today if she had gotten to work on a great film. If Kay had starred in one of the AFI’1 100 Greatest American Films of All Time, I suppose I wouldn’t be writing this essay. Would The Philadelphia Story been that different with Kay Francis instead of Katherine Hepburn? Hepburn is considered a much better actress than Kay Francis, but who knows. Kay always seemed up to the roles she was offered. Her weakness was she didn’t fight for them, choosing instead to do what Warner Brother’s asked – until it was too late. Obviously actors are not interchangeable – I certainly wouldn’t want anyone else doing Blonde Venus but Marlene Dietrich, or Jean Harlow starring in Red Dust. But Katherine Hepburn and Bette Davis had so many great stories, it’s a shame that Kay Francis couldn’t have had one or two of them. I fantasize that MGM would have found better vehicles for Kay Francis.

Sadly, we have what we have, and some of Kay’s best films are magical if you are the right person for them. Luckily, I am.

Kay’s Top Five Films

There’s no absolute way to judge something like a film, so these top five pictures come from a voting system at IMDb. There is some validation to this list from reading about Kay Francis, from the All Movie Guide, from comments at Amazon for those films on sale, and from my own experience watching them. Kay Francis was known more for her typecasting rather than her acting range. She did have a speech impediment that writers had to work around, and her fans demanded to see her in expensive gowns rather than character costumes, so there is a certain unreality to her stories. In her most popular films, Kay played rich beautiful women in designer gowns framed by Art Deco sets, but in some of her less famous movies, she played business women, doctors, nurses, gold-diggers, and women down on their luck.

Only three of these five films are available on DVD: Trouble in Paradise, One Way Passage and Jewel Robbery, so you will have to haunt the TCM Schedule each month in hopes of catching the other two. Nor will I recommend you rush out and buy them on my recommendation. Catch them on cable first. There’s a good chance you won’t like them. Only a small percentage of avid movie watchers like movies this old.

The decimal number with the title is their current IMDb rating.

Trouble in Paradise (1932) – 8.2

Trouble in Paradise Francis Hopkins cropped

Kay plays Madame Mariette Colet, a rich and beautiful owner of a French perfume company, who is targeted by jewel thieves Gaston, Herbert Marshall, and Lily, Miriam Hopkins. Directed by Ernst Lubitsch, Trouble in Paradise is the one Kay Francis film that often shows up on lists of the best films of the 1930s, and it was an early film added to the United States Film Registry by the Library of Congress. Trouble in Paradise was considered one of the top ten films of 1932, and Roger Ebert included it in his Great Movies collection. This one film is Kay’s best hope for being remembered by 21st century movie fans.

The plot of Trouble in Paradise involves Herbert Marshall choosing between two beautiful women, his equal-in-crime partner, Miriam Hopkins, or the wealthy woman with all the jewels he falls for while trying to rob her, Kay Francis. The plot is light and slippery, and the banter airy and breezy. Sadly, even the best of prints are not pristine, giving the impression that the film is very old indeed, showing its age at 83. It’s a damn shame that Fox Grandeur 70mm widescreen filming didn’t become standard in 1930. I would never dream of wishing 1930s movies had been in color, but I sure wish the prints had been super high resolution and widescreen. I wonder if modern film fans would be more accepting of old films if they didn’t look so old.

One Way Passage (1932) – 8.2


I’ve seen One Way Passage many times – it’s all style and little substance, a stateroom melodrama set on a ship crossing the Pacific. Both characters are destined to die at the end of a long voyage, one for his crimes, the other for her weak heart. Both keep their fatal destinies from each other, promising a lifetime of devotion.

Like many 1930s melodramatic films, One Way Passage has a second string of characters providing comic contrast. Frank McHugh plays Skippy, Dan’s sidekick, who meets Aline MacMahon in the backstory, playing Barrel House Betty, a fake countess con woman. Frank McHugh uses Aline MacMahon to run interference for his buddy, with Steve, the cop that’s guarding Dan, played by Warren Hymer. The entire show is just 68 minutes, so while the action is very slow, the story moves very fast.

Many of my favorite movies from the early 1930s run under 90 minutes. The studios cranked out the content, with actors often doing four to eight films a year. The quality of the storytelling is often less complicated than an hour of modern TV. William Powell gets a fair amount of character development, but not Kay, who is defined by her limits of physical exertion.  I have to wonder if One Way Passage was longer, say the 104 minutes of Dark Victory, and given more rewrites, if it wouldn’t have been a much more popular film today. I think it’s a lovely romantic idea that needs fleshing out.

Often these movies made for depression era shop girls had little in the way of real characterization. The men were painted quickly as suave and debonair, and the women sketched even faster by the fashions they wore. The lovers would drink and smoke, and banter innuendoes to each other. Part of this staginess was due to back lot sets and primitive microphone techniques of the early sound years.  Yet, I believe One Way Passage generates maximum charm with such little effort by Powell and Francis, as if they were impressionistic actors. If you have the 1930s movie gene, this film is enchanting.

I imagine, when I get very old and bedridden, I’ll prefer the elegant simplicity of 1930s storytelling on my deathbed to the long complicated films of today. The ending of One Way Passage, or On Borrowed Time, offer death fantasies that would be very pleasant to die by.

Pre-Code films were made during the heart of the depression. They offered both silly escapism and gritty realism. They were made for my parents’ generation, who were teens when these films came out. It’s almost impossible to comprehend the life back then, when people didn’t have television, computers, cellphones and the internet. I don’t think most citizens of our technological century can tune into this 1930s version of dream time. I can because some of my earliest memories are waking up to watch the all-night movies with my father. Philosophically, I’m light years away from the common mindset of 1930s moviegoers.  Yet, emotionally I resonate with these stories.

One Way Passage works so well for me because William Powell and Kay Francis are my favorite actors from this period. Understanding why is harder to explain. Maybe the stars we admire are the ones we wished we could be or be with.

Confession (1937) – 8.2


Confession is a film that I only vaguely remember seeing. Like most of the films of Kay Francis, I caught them on television, usually TCM, and their details are in the jumbled mess of my memories. I remember the basic plot and mostly the ending. I was surprised this film was so highly rated on IMDb and I’m looking forward to catching it again on TCM, or buying it if it ever comes out on DVD.

Even though Kay Francis is only 32 years old when this film was made, she plays a mother, Vera, of a 17-year old girl, Lisa, played by Jane Bryan. The story centers on an older man, played by Basil Rathbone, chasing Kay’s daughter. Since this story has a surprise ending and is more complicated than most of Kay’s usually films, I won’t go into the plot. And that might be one reason why it’s remembered so well, even though the story was only complicated enough to require 87 minutes to tell. The reason why we remember actors and actresses of Gone With the Wind and The Wizard of Oz is because they got to play meaty distinctive characters. If Kay Francis ever had a chance to play more characters like Scarlett O’Hara, she would have have been remembered today.

If Kay Francis had shot Basil Rathbone as viciously as Bette Davis shoots her object of hate in The Letter, then Confession might be more remembered. Bette Davis became the box office queen for Warner’s after Kay Francis fell from grace. And the truth is, Bette Davis was a much better actress because she had such killer instincts in real life. Kay never fought Warner Brothers like Bette did. Kay was a lover, not a fighter, and she got dumped.

Girls About Town (1931) – 8.1


Girls About Town is the kind of picture that typifies Pre-Code films – you get to see Kay in her underwear, and’s she’s a slutty gold-digger. I’m surprised by it’s 8.1 rating at IMDb. The film’s popularity might be due to Joe McCrea growing stardom. However, the interplay between Francis and Lilyan Tashman, friends in real life, make the movie even more suggestive. Kay was just 26 for this picture, but she looked older. Depending on her hairstyle, wardrobe, and how the cameraman filmed her, Kay could look round faced and older, or thin faced and younger. This made her look old fashioned and at other times modern. Seeing her in this earlier picture probably captures more of what she looked like in real life. Her Warner Brother pictures featured a far more crafted look. It’s a shame she didn’t get to play more physically active characters, because her slinky manikin posing was great for Hollywood glamour, but poor for demonstrating acting ability. Look how animated Tashman is below while Kay plays it coolly.  Kay’s directors should have pushed her to be more kinetic.


Jewel Robbery (1932) – 7.5


Kay plays a flibbertigibbet who seems to have only one thing on the brain: JEWELS!  Kay is married to a dull older man, Henry Kolker, who works hard to feed her gem habit to keep his beautiful young wife from running wild. We know Kay isn’t faithful right from the start, but when her rich husband takes her diamond shopping and the store is robbed by a gang of jewel robbers bossed by the magnificently charming William Powell, Kay stops thinking JEWELS and starts thinking MAN!

This is the fifth of seven times Powell and Francis would act together.  They play off each other wonderfully. It’s a shame Kay didn’t get to play Nora Charles, because she’d definitely be remembered today. Kay certainly had real life drinking practice down for the role.

Jewel Robbery is another film that fits into the Pre-Code appeal for its adultery, sexiness, innuendo and even drug use, but it’s all done with such a light touch that I can’t even imagine Will Hays himself being bothered by the film.

The Best of the Rest

Using the ratings at IMDb, I picked the next dozen highest rated Kay Francis films. None of these films are going to be remembered by the public at large today, but they aren’t bad if you like old movies from the 1930s, especially Pre-Code films.

  • The House on 56th Street (1933) – 7.4
  • Mandalay (1934) – 7.3
  • Guilty Hands (1931) – 7.3
  • Secrets of an Actress (1938) – 7.3
  • In Name Only (1939) – 7.3
  • 24 Hours (1931) – 7.2
  • The Vice Squad (1931) – 7.2
  • Cynara (1932) – 7.2
  • Strangers in Love (1932) – 7.2
  • Stranded (1935) – 7.2
  • First Lady (1937) – 7.2
  • Divorce (1945) – 7.2


Most of us will die and be forgotten, but sometimes the accomplished among us will live on in history, maybe not forever, but longer than they ever imagined. Kay Francis is fading fast in pop culture immortality. It’s strange that I know about Kay Francis. Why did I bond with the movies of the 1930s when I was growing up in the 1960s? The simple answer is television. 1960s music and television imprinted on me because that’s what I heard and watched as a teenager. As a kid I seldom went to new movies, and never bought the latest bestsellers.  Old movies and books are what I was exposed to first. That’s how I got out-of-sync with my pop culture times. The art forms you’re exposed to in your formative years are the ones you live with for the rest of your life.

What draws us back to these old films time and again? What makes us scrutinize the TCM schedule every month looking for that rare film we haven’t seen? What makes us frequently search Amazon hoping to find a new DVD of a very old film we’ve been waiting years to be released.

There is the real world out there, with terrorist bombings, climate change, drunk and texting drivers, mad shooters, a world filled with hating and conflict. Sure, our alternate celluloid reality is also filled with killing, hate and conflict, but it’s not real, and the good guys triumph. We love Pre-Code Hollywood for its grittiness, the exact same thing we’re trying to escape.

Box Office Poison

In the May 3rd, 1938 issue of Independent Film Journal, Harry Brandt, of the Independent Theater Owners of America, published an article called “Dead Cats” where he listed the actors and actresses his group felt were no longer making his group money, claiming the movie studies were overpaying them, and they were box office poison. Among those he listed were Garbo, Dietrich, Mae West, Joan Crawford, Katharine Hepburn, Fred Astaire, John Barrymore, and Kay Francis. Garbo famously walked away from Hollywood in 1941. John Barrymore died in 1942.  All the others continued to make films, including Kay. She made 16 films after 1938. Yet, Brandt was right, and Kay Francis was no longer the star she had been.

Why Isn’t Kay Francis Famous Today?

Kay Francis said time and again she wanted to be forgotten, yet she relished the limelight as long as she could. Near the end of her life, Francis got drunk and passed out at a New York restaurant. While her friends were carrying her out to a cab, a young man walked by and asked, “Is that Kay Francis?” Kay opened one eye and said, “It used to be.”

We like to believe the star system that emerged in Hollywood during the 1920s and 1930s defined a kind of pop culture immortality, yet that fame was temporary for all but a few legendary actors and actresses. Long term fame isn’t determined by publicity and box office. When we’re looking at decades and generations of memories, what lasts are the great films, not the stars. Sure, the stars in those films are remembered, but they are remembered for the films. I search the TCM schedule every month for Kay Francis movies and watch whatever’s available, knowing the odds of enjoying a good story is small.

I remember Kay Francis for her beauty but beauty offers no lasting fame.  And if you’re an actor seeking historic fame, you need to play an immortal character. Rhett Butler and Scarlett O’Hara make us remember Clark Gable and Vivian Leigh. We would never remember Johnny Weissmuller if not for Tarzan.

We don’t remember Kay Francis because we don’t remember Mariette Colet, Joan Ames, or Baroness Teri von Horhenfels. And that’s the ultimate lesson of this essay. Great characters and story are everything. If we can’t remember the character, we won’t remember the actor. The legacy of Kay Francis will never be resurrected like her fans hope. Kay Francis had a tremendous life as a real person, just read her biographies to be dazzled, but the characters she played were never real enough, not like the woman who played them.


Table of Contents

38 thoughts on “The Resurrection of Kay Francis”

  1. Nice. Thanks for expanding my horizons. Can’t wait to see the movies. I’ve seen the end of one way passage on tcm and it looked interesting. Now I know it will be.

  2. Excellent. Everything you ever wanted to know about Kay Francis and more.

    “It’s definitely an acquired taste, like learning to watch silent films.” Interesting comparison and one that explains a lot. I like what you said about having a “1930s movie gene”. I was definitely blessed with such a thing thanks to the late, late show that captured me in my teens. Oh, how I sobbed at “One Way Passage”.

    If anyone ever asks me about Kay Francis I know where to direct them.

  3. I think you’re right that the strongest films usually help ensure an actor’s or actress’s lasting fame, not the other way around. I liked learning more about Kay Francis. I’ve enjoyed her in all of the films I’ve seen her in, but certainly haven’t seen enough!

  4. Thanks for this tribute to the stylish and beautiful Kay Francis. (I hadn’t even heard of her before I started watching TCM.) Like Caftan Woman said, if anyone asks about her, I’ll tell them to come here. Wonderful post!

    1. Thanks. I think Kay Francis is slowly being rediscovered. Each year, more of her films are available on DVD. But that might be the side-effect of a general interest in 1930s movies. I wish more publishers would do those quality 4-packs for $10. That’s a great way to get into old movies.

  5. I blame my father for imprinting me on 30s flicks as a kid, It started with the Universal Horrors and the Marx Brothers and the interest just sort of grew like Topsy. I do find the pre-code films fascinating, in part because the women take so much more of an active role during a time they weren’t all studio mandated to be “good girls”.

    I’ve worked hard to imprint my kids on the same stuff, so there will be at least one more generation to carry these films on. It wasn’t hard, I just started them while they were still too young to know that black and white movies were ‘weird’.

  6. I greatly enjoyed your first-rate write-up — Kay Francis is one of my favorite actresses of the pre-Code era. Of your top five, I’m especially fond of Trouble in Paradise, Confession and Girls About Town. Mandalay and The House on 56th Street are my other favorites. Thanks so much for this contribution to the blogathon!

  7. Despite considering myself a lover of 1930s film, Kay Francis’ charms had completely passed me by (never enough hours in the day for all the films, right?!) Thanks for filling in the gaps with with this comprehensive post – I can’t wait to watch Girls About Town!

  8. Awesome post. I do so love this woman! I discovered very late in my journey into classic film and it is so nice to stumble upon someone wonderful after all these years. Kay was the tops.

  9. Thanks for such a well-rounded and insightful piece! I was just talking about Kay Francis to someone the other day who is not a big fan of classic film, but he heard about her from a podcast (it was You Must Remember This), so hopefully, with more exposure here and there, she’ll become rediscovered by more people. Though she wasn’t the most talented actress in my opinion, she was always so fun to watch – especially when she was bad!

    1. Colin, you sound like a huge fan of Kay. And your comment added lots of detail to my blog post. Thanks. However, I would still argue that Bette Davis and Katherine Hepburn got much better stories to work with than Kay ever did. What really helped Myrna Loy was the Thin Man movies, because Kay also made seven films with William Powell. However, Kay Francis never got a role like Milly in The Best Years of Our Lives, which truly showcased the older Loy. Nor did she get a gem of a Pre-Code role like Marlene Dietrich in Blonde Venus. Ginger Rodgers will always be remembered for her films with Fred, even though she had many films on her own that were memorable. I will always remember Joan Crawford for Grand Hotel. Like I said, it’s a shame that Kay Francis did not work for MGM.

      1. James
        I don’t think you get it.The likes of these pre-code movie queens ,for a lot of reasons,founded a public ready to follow them.People like Norma Shearer,Ruth Chatterton,Ann Dvorek,Helen Twelvetrees,and Kay Francis herself,among others did not achieve the LATER success that
        Joan Crawford,Barbara Stanwyck,Bettie Davie,Katherine Hepburn,Loretta Young achieved in the latter 1940s & 1950s.People like Carol Lombard and Jean Harlow were stopped by a more obvious reason-early death.Garbo and Shearer retired.Kay Francis,as I have already stated ,was stopped by her self.Besides this, she managed to save her money and died wealth.Addressing your people specifically :
        a,Katherine Hepburn. She was difficult and was reported to originally dislike “Bringing Up Baby” because it lost money-originally. Over rated and compensated early,and given academy awards she perhaps did not deserve in the 1930s, she got better .I rate her as an excellent actress.
        b.Bette Davis. Like Hepburn,she was difficult.By the late 1930s, she began to put on phoney airs about acting. Her later Dick Cavett interviews about acting and especially Errol Flynn are not only superficial, bur horrid. Toward the end of her life, she finally admitted Flynn WAS a very good actor, she had missed it. Her friend Olivia DeHavilland perhaps set her straight?
        c.Myrna Loy. An excellent actress who was not appreciated until the ‘thin man’ movies. I totally agree she was great in ‘The Best Years of Our Loves”,but remember that she was shunned for an award.
        d.Joan Crawford. “Grand Hotel’ was very good, and so were flicks like ‘This Modern Age’ “Possessd-1932.” and “Rain”. I also rate high the older Joan in the 1943 “Above Suspicion’-although this film was mostly panned when it came out.
        e. Marlene Dietrich. Her 1936 “Knight Without Armor ” perhaps led to her “box office poison,at least in the US.’.It is actually ,in retrospective a GREAT film.she was usually excellent in any film she made.”Blonde Venus”‘ was great,but so was Kay in “Mandalay”.
        d.Ginger Roger. The beautiful Ginger got an academy award without Fred,noting she is now more remembered WITH Fred Astaire. Olivia De Havilland got an academy award WITHOUT Errol Flynn.In retrospective she is more remembered WITH Flynn.
        e. Kay DID work for MGM a bit.
        While Kay retired early, she made a lot of films. As I have previously noted to you, MANY of her films ( which were already named for you) stand up well when compared to ANY of her contemporaries.I do not rate her acting skills above or below any of her contemporaries-like Hepburn and Davis did after they won awards.A lot of great people like Errol Flynn,Cary Grant Barbara Stanwyck and Ethel Waters did not win.Kay is in good company. Some scripts make great films and actors, and some scrips don’t matter BECAUSE of the persons or person carrying the film.There are different kinds of movies and tastes that click or do not.Or some films have to wait for many years to become more appreciated.And don’t forget the (Hollywood) racism that blocked persons of color from even competing.

  10. Kay Francis was on par as an actress with Joan Crawford,Betty Davis,Norma Shearer,Barbara Stanwyck ,Ginger Rogers Hepburn,and the rest.Films like ”Mandalay],’Confession’,’One Way Passage’,’Trouble In Paradise’,’JewelRobbery’,’The House On 56th Street’,’Raffles”In Name Only’ ,’Girls About Town’.”Give Me Your Heart’ ,’Another Dawn’,”‘Stolen Holiday’,Lady’s Man ‘,’24 Hours”,’Keyhole”Strangers In Love”,’Man Wanted”,”Guilty Hands’,'”Dr. Monica’ and ‘Mary Stevens MD’ ,’,’I Found Stella Parish”,’ offer a good range roles and encellent acting.As far as I have seen, while Ginger Rogers was the most beautiful hollywood actress ,Kay Francis was the most photogenic,(not counting French films of Josephine Baker). This in not to say that Kay did not produce some silly or stupid films, like they all did.( ‘Playgirl’,’Allotment Wives’-so bad they are good.:British Agent”-boring but good,’The Man Who Lost Himself”-silly but good,’Storm At Daybreak’-a relic and stiff-but somehow good,’Feminine Touch’-silly but was supposed to be silly).’Woman In The Wind-not great but not too bad) )
    The production value of many of Kays films also include cloths fit for a queen,perfect for women.In addition to leading actor and actresses such as ,Brian Aherne,Lionel Barrymore,,George Brent,Clive Brook,Ronald Coleman,Ricardo Cortiz,Errol Flynn,Cary Grant,Miram Hopkins,Walter Houston,Carol Lombard,David Manners,Frederick March,Herbert Marshall,Joel McCrea,Leslie Howard,Ian Hunter,Paul Lukas,William Powell,Claude Rains,Gene Raymond,Rosline Russell,Warren William,. Very good charactor people such as Eve Arden, Niles Asther, Alan Baxter,George Barbier,Frances Bavier,Louise Beavers,Billy Bevin.Herman Bing,William Boyd,Jane Bryan,Charles Colburn,Laura Hope Crews,Donald Crisp,Andy Devine,Alan Dinehart,Stuart Erwin,Madge Evans,Glenda Farrell,Mary Forbes,Helen Flint,William Gargon,Peggy Ann Garner,Lucielle Gleason,Jonathan Hale,Edward Everett Horton,Frieda Inscort,Allen Jenkins,Patric Knowles,Margaret Lindsey,Aline MacMahon,Barton MacLaine,Frank Mc Hough,Una Merkel,Polly Moran,Alan Mowbrey,Jean Muir,J.Carrol Naish,Una O’Connor,Warner Orland,Reginal Owen,Monroe Owsley,Eugene Pallette,Jean Parker,Virginia Pine,Basil Rathbone,Philip Reed,Ceasar Romero,Charles Ruggles,S.Z.Sakall,Joe Sawyer,Ann Shoemaker,C.Aubrey Smith,Henry Stephenson,Lyle Talbot,Thelma Todd,Regis Toomey,Dorothy Tree,Helen Vinson,Helen Ware,Judith Wood,Roland Young-and many others.
    As it turned out,a damaging 1937 artical,after only one flop picture “First Lady” did hurt her more that the likes of Garbo,Dietrich,Crawford and Hepburn.Her public fights with her boss Jack Warner also did not help her.Her public lifestyle was also a headache for the studios. So did her age,as her beauty faded. As a creature of her time, less so than Davis or Hepburn,or Stanwyck,she was less interested in a future,noting that her 1930s films are just as good and compete well with the likes of her contemporary film rivals.

  11. Bravo! It was a wonderful article on Kay and her ephemeral fame. I must say I’m a hardcore classic film fan, and a couple of months ago I wacthed Kay’s debut film, The Cocoanuts. By the way, thanks for the list of five movies to see, since I have to dig deeper in her career. And also in her amazing life.
    Don’t forget to read my contribution to the blogathon! 🙂

  12. “To me old films are an alternate reality, one that glitters in infinite shades of gray, exuding style and glamour.” Well put. While I may not agree with you on Francis’ characters, I can’t disagree that her life was certainly one to behold. Thanks for participating!

  13. Do you really believe that Joan Crawford, Bette Davis or Katherine Hepburn are remembered today (some People magazine 100 greatest actor/actress blah blah blah write up notwithstanding) by young people or anyone under 40? I would think that Kay Francis is in good company far as Hollywood stars that the general public are oblivious to. I mean hell Sally Field and Debra Winger made great films and who the hell in God’s name is pining away for those two. I think perhaps the grand sum total of all these actresses legacy before now can be summed up by this famous eternal Epilogue, “aforesaid personages lived and quarreled; good or bad, handsome or ugly, rich or poor, they are all equal now.”

      1. you have 2 spelling errors. it’s over-the-top sentimentality. should be ITS over-the-top — its is possessive.

        “took affect” should be “took EFFECT”.

  14. I absolutely adore 1930’s films! always have. I am 51 and have been in love with these gems since I was in my teens. the movies were 50 years old then! Kay Francis is one of my favorite 30’s actresses. Jewel Robbery is a delight! and I love Confession as well.
    Guilty Hands is a bit creaky for sure. but love seeing Lionel Barrymore, Madge Evans and Kay Francis together. I also have the biography. Kay Francis, a passionate life. which I read from beginning to end. I really don’t care for current films at all.
    and in recent years have just begun to get into 1960’s films. I do confess I love 80’s movies. my day as they say?
    I for one love Kay Francis.

    1. For some reason Ricky I’m getting hits on my old page of Kay Francis. I guess she still has fans out there. Makes me want to buy one of her movies I haven’t seen.

  15. That was a great read. Thank you so much for all the information. Currently watching Another Dawn with Errol Flynn, which prompted my interest in Kay Walsh ! She appears to have been a great lady ! Do so love these films from Hollywood’s Golden era !

    1. Delighted to see a comment here from 7/7/17! I love Kay Francis and I love pre-Code films! Thanks for the post.

  16. Kay Francis reflects an immortal sexuality. Her movies, at least those pre code enforcement, put r rated movies in their sad place … a distant second.

  17. There was just something sexy about precode movies with Kay Francis and Joan blondel. The more you watch the more you want to watch. Hepburn didn’t have what Kay had without Tracy. Kay was sensual at times. Hepburn not ! ! !

  18. Wonderful article! And, like you, I grew up in the 60s and my earliest memories are watching 30s comedies and cartoons (Popeye, Loony Tunes, Three Stooges, Laurel & Hardy, etc.). I’ve always been a fan of classic Hollywood, and now I’m especially enjoying watching TCM and discovering classic movie stars like Loretta Young, Linda Darnell, Rita Hayworth, etc. TCM just finished a retrospective on Kay Francis and now I am hooked on Kay! Such a gorgeous creature! I am only sad that the month is over and her star of the month is finished. Are there any good biographies written on Kay? Thanks again for the wonderful article!

  19. This is a question for James’e Harris. First of all I can totally relate and agree with this blog, being 59 years old and a huge TCM fan. Do you ever write blogs on other movie stars from the Golden Era? I am trying to find a lot of the obscure movies never shown on any channels.

      1. I have been on a Film Noir Kick lately! I love OLD movies dating back to early talkies and some silent.
        Something new for me to Chew on James. thanks for the links.

        1. I’ve also been on a film noir kick too. For most of my life, I found the movies from the late forties and early 1950s kind of dreary. Now they are the ones I like to watch the most at the moment. I was born in 1951. So as a kid, growing up in the late 50s and early 1960s, I fell in love with movies from the 1930s and 1940s, especially the ones from MGM and Warner. Starting in the 5th grade, in 1962 I started going to the movie theater by myself. Movies at Homestead AFB theater were just 15 cents for children. I’ve been a TCM fan ever since we got cable. I do like some silents and I like modern movies.

          1. I too used to find The era (in films) of the late 40’s early 50’s very dreary. in fact when I was a kid (born 1965) I diliked them.
            It wasn’t until my mid to late 20’s that I started slowly getting into the groove for classics. but as a kid . I do remember enjoying 60’s and 70’s films though. also around my late 20’s I began watching nearly every 1930’s film I could watch! I loved Jean Harlow, Joan Blondell. and of course Kay! by 29 or 30, I was a Turner, Gardner and Lamarr fan. The Noir’s got me through my 40’sand now 50’s. I didn’t get TCM till the mid to late 90’s. I am always ‘discovering’ different genres every new decade of my life. oh I admit I love 80’s Sci-Fi and horror films. my dad was born in 1920, so he got me into these.. at low times in my life they have been ‘life’ savers.

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