I am writing this in response to attacks on the TV show Cosmos by religious believers. Cosmos represents a litmus test about the public’s understanding of science. The series represents an overview of what science has learned in the last four hundred years. Despite all the efforts of modern secular education, I think many of the ideas presented in Cosmos are new to a majority of the public. Science and technology succeed in our society without the majority of the population even understanding it.
Cosmos represents a good consensus of what science knows about reality, and yet it is often in conflict with many people’s personal beliefs about how reality works because of their religious education. Whether they accept it or not, science is in direct conflict with religion.
Religion is wildly popular because people want to believe. People want to believe because of psychological needs. Religion is 100% hope for certain fantasies to be true. Believers validate their beliefs by getting other people to share their hopes. But, what if the faithful applied the rigor of philosophy and the discipline of science to their religion? Truth about reality is revealed not through our personal desires, but through what works for all people.
Why are there so many different religions, sects, creeds, beliefs if they are true? They can’t all be true. Why is there little consensus among believers, and much contention and hatred? Religious wars are infamous for their cruelty. Now the faithful feel under siege by science. And some even invent pseudo-sciences to defend their beliefs. If their beliefs were an actual feature of reality wouldn’t they be universal and testable?
Instead of attacking science, or making up fake science, the faithful should apply science to their beliefs. First, they should find the core beliefs they all share and develop a consensus as to what is true about God or gods. Anything your religion believes that all the other religions don’t, should be immediately crossed off the list of things that are probably true. If something is universally true, it should be universally believed by all people. False beliefs can be infinite because we can imagine anything, but universal truths should be finite because reality only works one way. What are the universal truths in religious beliefs? If a religious concept doesn’t apply to all humans on Earth, or even all aliens on every planet in the multiverse, then it should be doubted.
Science works by seeking such universal truths, and this is why the faithful feel under attack. Not only does science work in a consistent manner, with a fantastic track record, but it’s truth works the same for Americans and Chinese, for Russians and Iranians. Catholics, Protestants, Jews, Muslims, Buddhists, Hindus can barely agree on anything amongst themselves, much less with other religions. If the religious really want to prove themselves, they need to band together and make one religion. The obvious reason why religion is false is because there are too many of them.
If you are a firm believer in any metaphysical concept, you have to consider it a desire on your part unless you can find consensus with others. That’s why religious people are so big on converting new recruits. Getting someone else to believe like you do, validates your own fantasies. If you really want to believe in something that’s true outside of your head, you need to be more scientific. Any belief you hold that isn’t shared by a majority of the other seven billion people on this planet should be considered suspect. Science succeeds because it’s under constant suspect. Ideas have to taking a beating and keep on ticking – by everyone.
Even if six billion believers get together and form an absolute consensus on Laws of Religious Concepts, it won’t necessarily mean these beliefs are true without additional proof. If the consensus is there is one God and that God listens to everyone’s prayers, then you need to test this hypothesis. Let’s say every day six billion people all pray for the same unique thing each day. If the prayers are answered repeatedly over years, then you can assume your theory is correct. If it is not, you will have to alter your theory to there is a God but he doesn’t listen to people. You will need to find a way to test this hypothesis.
However, even without scientific proof, the beliefs of the faithful can never be considered real unless they find more consensus. Religious minded people would help their cause if they sought agreement rather than constantly splintering into smaller groups. You can’t beat science by altering the rules of science. You can’t beat science by lying about it. You can’t beat science by putting your head into the sand.
I can think of two beliefs that a majority of religious believers might embrace. One, there is a creator. Two, the Golden Rule. And those two might still cause a lot of arguments. But beyond that, there is little agreement among the faithful. Which to me, means there’s little reason to believe them.
Instead of attacking science, the religious should embrace each other. You can’t elevate religion by undermining science. Religions have always succeeded by war – by killing the unbelievers. If you want to prove your religion is true, prove what you believe, not what everyone else believes is false. Science succeeds because it proves what’s true, what works.
My challenge to the faithful, start proving your beliefs work universally. I’ll consider the first step towards that proof when all religions become one.
JWH – 4/7/14